Processing and oxidation response of Cr2AlC MAX-phase composites containing ceramic fibers

Go, T. and Vaßen, R. and Guillon, O. and Gonzalez-Julian, J.

Volume: 6 Pages:
DOI: 10.1016/j.oceram.2021.100090
Published: 2021

Three different ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) were produced using Cr2AlC as a matrix, and carbon, SiC and Al2O3 short fibers as a secondary phase. Cr2AlC powders were synthesized by solid-state reaction, followed by mixing with the fibers, and full densification using a field-assisted sintering technique. Of the three different fiber types, Carbon fibers reacted strongly with Cr2AlC, while the reaction with SiC fibers was more limited and alumina fibers didn't show any reaction. Oxidation tests of the monolithic Cr2AlC and the composites were performed by thermogravimetric analysis. An alumina layer formed at 1000 ​°C on every sample, well attached and worked as a good oxidation barrier. Under realistic conditions using a burner rig for cyclic oxidation at 1200 ​°C for 500 cycles, the oxidation resistance of the alumina fiber CMC is good, as no defects or degradation are visible and the alumina layer is well attached. © 2021 The Author(s)

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