Prehistoric salt mining in Hallstatt, Austria. New chronologies out of small wooden fragments

Grabner, M. and Wächter, E. and Nicolussi, K. and Bolka, M. and Sormaz, T. and Steier, P. and Wild, E.M. and Barth, F.E. and Kern, A. and Rudorfer, J. and Kowarik, K. and Stöllner, T. and Reschreiter, H.

Volume: 66 Pages:
DOI: 10.1016/j.dendro.2021.125814
Published: 2021

The prehistoric salt mine of Hallstatt together with its burial ground is one of the most prominent archaeological sites in the world, and has given its name to the “Hallstatt period”, an epoch of European prehistory (800 to 400 BCE). Due to the perfect conservation in rock salt a high number of organic materials have been found, including mostly wooden artefacts and structural timber. More than 2000 samples were taken from various archaeological sites in the mines as well as at the surface. It was possible to date 763 samples by the means of dendrochronology and by 14C wiggle matching. The dendrochronological dating was possible due to crossdating with various available chronologies (like Villingen-Magdalenenberg or Dachstein/Schwarzer See). The fir (Abies alba Mill.) chronologies span the periods: -1232 to -1063; -819 to -425 and -371 to-129. The spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) chronologies span the periods: -1228 to -1063; -813 to -669 and -342 to -123. The larch (Larix decidua Mill.) chronologies span the periods: -1393 ± 18 to-1286 ± 18 based on wiggle matching data and -252 to -164. A beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) chronology span the time -1182 to -1062. © 2021 The Author(s)

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