Oscillating combustion—primary measure to reduce nitrogen oxide in a grate furnace–experiments and simulations

Gehrmann, H.-J. and Jaeger, B. and Wirtz, S. and Scherer, V. and Aleksandrov, K. and Hauser, M. and Stapf, D. and Pollmeier, G. and Danz, P.

Volume: 9 Pages:
DOI: 10.3390/pr9122210
Published: 2021

The emission from industries and the mobility sector is under strong legal regulations in many countries worldwide. In Germany, the amendment to the 17th BlmSchV (Federal pollution control ordinance), which has been in force for waste incineration plants since 2013, has given rise to a new limit for nitrogen oxides of 150 mg/m3 as the daily mean level from 2019 on. A similar focus is on biomass-fired plants. According to the MCP (medium combustion plant) guideline of the EU, as a consequence, existing plants are required to either increase their consumption of ammonia water for nitrogen oxide reduction (SNCR process) or back fit SCR catalysts as secondary measures, which is a costly procedure. This paper presents a novel two-stage process in which an oscillating supply of secondary air allows nitrogen oxides to be reduced by approx. 50% at a good burnout level, which may obviate the need for secondary measures. Besides experimental investigations in a fixed bed reactor, CFD simulations confirm a high potential for reduction of nitrogen oxides. Together with the company POLZENITH, this process is under development for scale-up in a biomass incineration plant as a next step. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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