On-Demand Source of Dual-Rail Photon Pairs Based on Chiral Interaction in a Nanophotonic Waveguide

Østfeldt, F.T. and González-Ruiz, E.M. and Hauff, N. and Wang, Y. and Wieck, A.D. and Ludwig, Ar. and Schott, R. and Midolo, L. and Sørensen, A.S. and Uppu, R. and Lodahl, P.

Volume: 3 Pages:
DOI: 10.1103/PRXQuantum.3.020363
Published: 2022

Entanglement is the fuel of advanced quantum technology, enabling, e.g., measurement-based quantum computing and loss-tolerant encoding of quantum information. In photonics, entanglement has traditionally been generated probabilistically, requiring massive multiplexing for scaling up to many photons. An alternative approach utilizing quantum emitters in nanophotonic devices can realize deterministic generation of entangled photons. However, such sources generate polarization entanglement that is incompatible with spatial dual-rail qubit encoding employed in scalable photonic quantum-computing platforms utilizing integrated circuits. Here we propose and experimentally realize an on-demand source of dual-rail photon pairs using a quantum dot in a planar nanophotonic waveguide. The source exploits the cascaded decay of a biexciton state and chiral light-matter coupling to achieve deterministic generation of spatial dual-rail Bell pairs with the amount of entanglement determined by the chirality. The operational principle can readily be extended to multiphoton entanglement generation required for efficient preparation of resource states for photonic quantum computing. © 2022 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.

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