Nucleation and growth of α phase in a metastable β-Titanium Ti-5Al-5Mo-5V-3Cr alloy: Influence from the nano-scale, ordered-orthorhombic O″ phase and α compositional evolution

Antonov, S. and Shi, R. and Li, D. and Kloenne, Z. and Zheng, Y. and Fraser, H.L. and Raabe, D. and Gault, B.

Volume: 194 Pages:
DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2020.113672
Published: 2021

We investigated the nucleation and growth of α precipitates in the presence of nano-scale, titanium-rich, ordered-orthorhombic O″ precipitates formed during heating at 5 °C/min to 400 °C in a metastable β-Ti alloy, Ti-5Al-5Mo-5V-3Cr. The Oʺ precipitates are found to assist α nucleation by serving as preferential nucleation sites. In the very initial stages of its precipitation, the α phase is found to have formed via a coupled diffusional-displacive mode as titanium-rich plates. At this stage, aluminum partitions equally between the β matrix and the growing α precipitates, but slowly diffuses up-hill into the α phase during isothermal aging at 400 °C for 15 h. The interplay between such pre-formed metastable phases and α can be exploited to tailor the microstructure, by refining the α distribution, and consequently improve the mechanical properties of β-Ti alloys. Our work paves the way for exploiting this cascade of metastable phases for further microstructural engineering of β-Ti alloys. © 2020

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