Multi-wall carbon nanotubes electrochemically modified with phosphorus and nitrogen functionalities as a basis for bioelectrodes with improved performance

Quintero-Jaime, A.F. and Conzuelo, F. and Schuhmann, W. and Cazorla-Amorós, D. and Morallón, E.

Volume: 387 Pages:
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2021.138530
Published: 2021

In this study, multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were electrochemically modified with nitrogen and phosphorus species and employed as platform to immobilize pyrroloquinoline quinone-dependent glucose dehydrogenase (PQQ-GDH) for the fabrication of bioelectrodes for glucose detection. Depending on the upper potential limit used during the electrochemical modification of MWCNTs, the nature and amount of the nitrogen and phosphorus species incorporated in the carbon material surface can be selectively controlled. These species act as anchoring groups for the immobilization of the PQQ-GDH. The value of the upper potential limit used in the electrochemical modification influences the electron-transfer rate between the electrode and the enzyme. The performance of the bioelectrodes for glucose oxidation and detection is improved by the electrochemical modification conditions, leading to an increased sensitivity towards glucose oxidation from 39.2 to 53.6 mA gMWCNT−1 mM−1 in a linear range between 0.1 to 1.2 mM. This electrochemical modification is considered as an alternative for the preparation of highly sensitive glucose bioelectrodes. © 2021

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