MD studies of methanol confined in the metal-organic framework MOF MIL-88B-Cl

Siwaipram, S. and Bopp, P.A. and Ponchai, P. and Soetens, J.-C. and Hasegawa, J.-Y. and Schmid, R. and Bureekaew, S.

Volume: 359 Pages:
DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2022.119252
Published: 2022

The lattice of the flexible Metal–Organic Framework (MOF) MIL-88B(Fe)-Cl is strongly modified when it is subjected to methanol vapor, increasing its volume by more than 130 %. We use a newly developed interaction model belonging to the extended MOF-FF family to perform classical Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations of this MOF with varying amounts of methanol guest molecules. This work focuses on the evolving intermolecular structure of the counterions and guest molecules when their number is increased from 1 to 30 per cavity. Two mobile Cl−-counterions are, on the average, present in each lattice cavity to neutralize the framework charges. At low loadings (in the closed (or semi-closed) systems), the methanol molecules aggregate around these ions, which are themselves pegged, at the time scale of the simulation, to the Fe3-centers of the MOF. At loadings just below the transition, such methanol aggregates may link two counterions on opposite Fe3-centers, thus preventing the MOF from opening unless more methanol is added. In all closed systems, the methanol self-diffusion is almost two orders of magnitude lower than in the bulk liquid. Once the MOF opens, i.e., at loadings higher than about 12 to 13 methanol molecules per cavity, structural features typical of liquid methanol become more and more apparent. However, the evolution is not monotonous, there is a transitional region up to about 22 molecules par cavity. Increasing the loading further, all features more and more resemble the ones of bulk liquid methanol. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.

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