## Publications

### Machine-learning-based surrogate modeling of microstructure evolution using phase-field

Peivaste, I. and Siboni, N.H. and Alahyarizadeh, G. and Ghaderi, R. and Svendsen, B. and Raabe, D. and Mianroodi, J.R.

**COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE****Volume:** 214 **Pages:** **DOI: **10.1016/j.commatsci.2022.111750**Published: ** 2022

Abstract

Phase-field-based models have become common in material science, mechanics, physics, biology, chemistry, and engineering for the simulation of microstructure evolution. Yet, they suffer from the drawback of being computationally very costly when applied to large, complex systems. To reduce such computational costs, a Unet-based artificial neural network is developed as a surrogate model in the current work. Training input for this network is obtained from the results of the numerical solution of initial–boundary-value problems (IBVPs) based on the Fan–Chen model for grain microstructure evolution. In particular, about 250 different simulations with varying initial order parameters are carried out and 200 frames of the time evolution of the phase fields are stored for each simulation. The network is trained with 90% of this data, taking the ith frame of a simulation, i.e. order parameter field, as input, and producing the (i+1)-th frame as the output. Evaluation of the network is carried out with a test dataset consisting of 2200 microstructures based on different configurations than originally used for training. The trained network is applied recursively on initial order parameters to calculate the time evolution of the phase fields. The results are compared to the ones obtained from the conventional numerical solution in terms of the errors in order parameters and the system's free energy. The resulting order parameter error averaged over all points and all simulation cases is 0.005 and the relative error in the total free energy in all simulation boxes does not exceed 1%. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.