Layer-by-Layer Deposited Hybrid Polymer Coatings Based on Polysaccharides and Zwitterionic Silanes with Marine Antifouling Properties

Yu, W. and Wang, Y. and Gnutt, P. and Wanka, R. and Krause, L.M.K. and Finlay, J.A. and Clare, A.S. and Rosenhahn, A.

Volume: 4 Pages: 2385-2397
DOI: 10.1021/acsabm.0c01253
Published: 2021

Polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) assembly is a versatile tool to construct low-fouling coatings. For application in the marine environment, their structure needs to be stabilized by covalent linkage. Here, we introduce an approach for spin coating of silane-based sol-gel chemistries using layer-by-layer assembly of polysaccharide-based hybrid polymer coatings (LBLHPs). The silane sol-gel chemistry allows the films to be cross-linked under water-based and mild reaction conditions. Two different silanes were used for this purpose, a conventional triethoxymethyl silane and a de novo synthesized zwitterionic silane. The polysaccharide-silane hybrid polymer coatings were thoroughly characterized with spectroscopic ellipsometry, water contact angle (WCA) goniometry, attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy. The coatings showed good stability in seawater, smooth surfaces, a high degree of hydration, and WCAs below or close to the Berg limit. LBLHPs showed low-fouling properties in biological assays against nonspecific protein adsorption, attachment of the diatom Navicula perminuta, and settlement of zoospores of the macroalga Ulva linza. © 2021 American Chemical Society.

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