Lattice-shifted nematic quantum critical point in FeSe1−xSx

Chibani, S. and Farina, D. and Massat, P. and Cazayous, M. and Sacuto, A. and Urata, T. and Tanabe, Y. and Tanigaki, K. and Böhmer, A.E. and Canfield, P.C. and Merz, M. and Karlsson, S. and Strobel, P. and Toulemonde, P. and Paul, I. and Gallais, Y.

Volume: 6 Pages:
DOI: 10.1038/s41535-021-00336-3
Published: 2021

We report the evolution of nematic fluctuations in FeSe1−xSx single crystals as a function of Sulfur content x across the nematic quantum critical point (QCP) xc ~ 0.17 via Raman scattering. The Raman spectra in the B1g nematic channel consist of two components, but only the low energy one displays clear fingerprints of critical behavior and is attributed to itinerant carriers. Curie–Weiss analysis of the associated nematic susceptibility indicates a substantial effect of nemato-elastic coupling, which shifts the location of the nematic QCP. We argue that this lattice-induced shift likely explains the absence of any enhancement of the superconducting transition temperature at the QCP. The presence of two components in the nematic fluctuations spectrum is attributed to the dual aspect of electronic degrees of freedom in Hund’s metals, with both itinerant carriers and local moments contributing to the nematic susceptibility. © 2021, The Author(s).

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