Influence of non-convergent cation ordering on thermal expansion of rare-earth oxoborates RCa4O(BO3)3 (R = Er, Y, Dy, Gd, Sm, Nd, La)

Münchhalfen, M. and Schreuer, J. and Reuther, C. and Stöcker, H.

Volume: 26 Pages:
DOI: 10.1016/j.mtla.2022.101561
Published: 2022

The tensors of thermal expansion of monoclinic RCa4O(BO3)3 with R = Er, Y, Dy, Gd, Sm, Nd, La were studied in the temperature range from 100 K to 1373 K using high-resolution dilatometry. Reproducible anomalies, characterized by an excess strain at high temperatures, occur at different temperatures depending on the type of the R3+ cation. Additional single-crystal diffraction experiments on quenched samples and heat capacity measurements indicate that non-convergent cation ordering processes involving Ca2+ and R3+ play an essential role here. The cation distribution on the specific structural sites and the evolution of disorder with temperature are mainly influenced by the size of the trivalent cation, with the minimization of internal stresses being the driving force. The onset temperatures and the specific anisotropy of the anomalies in the thermal expansion are directly related to these processes. © 2022 The Authors

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