Entangling a Hole Spin with a Time-Bin Photon: A Waveguide Approach for Quantum Dot Sources of Multiphoton Entanglement

Appel, M.H. and Tiranov, A. and Pabst, S. and Chan, M.L. and Starup, C. and Wang, Y. and Midolo, L. and Tiurev, K. and Scholz, S. and Wieck, A.D. and Ludwig, Ar. and Sørensen, A.S. and Lodahl, P.

Volume: 128 Pages:
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.128.233602
Published: 2022

Deterministic sources of multiphoton entanglement are highly attractive for quantum information processing but are challenging to realize experimentally. In this Letter, we demonstrate a route toward a scaleable source of time-bin encoded Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and linear cluster states from a solid-state quantum dot embedded in a nanophotonic crystal waveguide. By utilizing a self-stabilizing double-pass interferometer, we measure a spin-photon Bell state with (67.8±0.4)% fidelity and devise steps for significant further improvements. By employing strict resonant excitation, we demonstrate a photon indistinguishability of (95.7±0.8)%, which is conducive to fusion of multiple cluster states for scaling up the technology and producing more general graph states. © 2022 American Physical Society.

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