Enhanced spin coherence while displacing electron in a two-dimensional array of quantum dots

Mortemousque, P.-A. and Jadot, B. and Chanrion, E. and Thiney, V. and Bäuerle, C. and Ludwig, Ar. and Wieck, A.D. and Urdampilleta, M. and Meunier, T.

Volume: 2 Pages:
DOI: 10.1103/PRXQuantum.2.030331
Published: 2021

The ability to shuttle coherently individual electron spins in arrays of quantum dots is a key procedure for the development of scalable quantum information platforms. It allows the use of sparsely populated electron spin arrays, envisioned to efficiently tackle the one- and two-qubit gate challenges. When the electrons are displaced in an array, they are exposed to site-dependent environment interactions such as hyperfine coupling with substrate nuclear spins. Here, we demonstrate that the electron multidirectional displacement in a 3×3 array of tunnel-coupled quantum dots enhances the spin-coherence time via the motional narrowing phenomenon. More specifically, up to ten charge configurations are explored by the electrons to study the impact of the displacement on spin dynamics. An increase of the coherence time by a factor up to 10 is observed in the case of fast and repetitive displacement. A simple model quantitatively captures the physical mechanism underlying this enhancement of the spin-coherence time induced by displacement. The implications on spin-coherence properties during the electron displacement are discussed in the context of large-scale quantum circuits. © 2021 authors.

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