Emerging symmetric strain response and weakening nematic fluctuations in strongly hole-doped iron-based superconductors

Wiecki, P. and Frachet, M. and Haghighirad, A.-A. and Wolf, T. and Meingast, C. and Heid, R. and Böhmer, A.E.

Volume: 12 Pages:
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-25121-5
Published: 2021

Electronic nematicity is often found in unconventional superconductors, suggesting its relevance for electronic pairing. In the strongly hole-doped iron-based superconductors, the symmetry channel and strength of the nematic fluctuations, as well as the possible presence of long-range nematic order, remain controversial. Here, we address these questions using transport measurements under elastic strain. By decomposing the strain response into the appropriate symmetry channels, we demonstrate the emergence of a giant in-plane symmetric contribution, associated with the growth of both strong electronic correlations and the sensitivity of these correlations to strain. We find weakened remnants of the nematic fluctuations that are present at optimal doping, but no change in the symmetry channel of nematic fluctuations with hole doping. Furthermore, we find no indication of a nematic-ordered state in the AFe2As2 (A = K, Rb, Cs) superconductors. These results revise the current understanding of nematicity in hole-doped iron-based superconductors. © 2021, The Author(s).

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