Emergence of Machine Learning Techniques in Ultrasonic Guided Wave-based Structural Health Monitoring: A Narrative Review

Sattarifar, A. and Nestorović, T.

Volume: 13 Pages:
DOI: 10.36001/ijphm.2022.v13i1.3107
Published: 2022

Identification of damage in its early stage can have a great contribution in decreasing the maintenance costs and pro-longing the life of valuable structures. Although conventional damage detection techniques have a mature background, their widespread application in industrial practice is still missing. In recent years the application of Machine Learning (ML) algorithms have been more and more exploited in structural health monitoring systems (SHM). Because of the superior capabilities of ML approaches in recognizing and classifying available patterns in a dataset, they have demonstrated a significant improvement in traditional damage identification algorithms. This review study focuses on the use of machine learning (ML) approaches in Ultrasonic Guided Wave (UGW)-based SHM, in which a structure is continually monitored using permanent sensors. Accordingly, multiple steps required for performing damage detection through UGWs are stated. Moreover, it is outlined that the employment of ML techniques for UGW-based damage detection can be sub-tended into two main phases: (1) extracting features from the data set, and reducing the dimension of the data space, (2) processing the patterns for revealing patterns, and classification of instances. With this regard, the most frequent techniques for the realization of those two phases are elaborated. This study shows the great potential of ML algorithms to as-sist and enhance UGW-based damage detection algorithms. © 2022, Prognostics and Health Management Society. All rights reserved.

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