Control of Marine Bacteria and Diatom Biofouling by Constant and Alternating Potentials

Schwarze, J. and Schuhmann, W. and Rosenhahn, A.

Volume: 37 Pages: 7464-7472
DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c00865
Published: 2021

The application of electrochemical potentials to surfaces is an easy and direct way to alter surface charge density, the structure of the electrochemical double layer, and the presence of electrochemically activated species. On such electrified interfaces the formation of biofilms is reduced. Here we investigate how applied potentials alter the colonization of surfaces by the marine bacterium Cobetia marina and the marine diatom Navicula perminuta. Different constant potentials between-0.8 and 0.6 V as well as regular switching between two potentials were investigated, and their influence on the attachment of the two biofilm-forming microorganisms on gold-coated working electrodes was quantified. Reduced bacteria and diatom attachment were found when negative potentials and alternating potentials were applied. The results are discussed on the basis of the electrochemical processes occurring at the working electrode in artificial seawater as revealed by cyclic voltammetry. © 2021 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

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