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Comparison of the performance of a microwave plasma torch and a gliding arc plasma for hydrogen production via methane pyrolysis

Kreuznacht, S. and Purcel, M. and Böddeker, S. and Awakowicz, P. and Xia, W. and Muhler, M. and Böke, M. and Keudell, A.V.

PLASMA PROCESSES AND POLYMERS
Volume: Pages:
DOI: 10.1002/ppap.202200132
Published: 2022

Abstract
Hydrogen production via plasma methane pyrolysis is investigated using a microwave plasma torch (MPT) and a gliding arc plasmatron (GAP). The performance of the two plasma sources in terms of methane conversion, product spectrum, and energy efficiency is compared. The physical and chemical properties of the produced carbon particles are compared. The methane conversion is higher in the GAP than in the MPT. In the MPT amorphous spherical carbon particles are produced in the volume of the plasma source. In the GAP methane pyrolysis in the volume stops after the production of acetylene. The conversion of acetylene into solid carbon takes place in a heterogeneous reaction on top of the electrode surfaces instead. This leads to a lower hydrogen selectivity, higher acetylene selectivity and more platelet-like morphology of the produced carbon particles when compared to the MPT. © 2022 The Authors. Plasma Processes and Polymers published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.

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