Characterization of a surface plasmon antenna fabricated on a gate-defined lateral quantum dot

Fukai, R. and Sakai, Y. and Nakagawa, T. and Fujita, T. and Kiyama, H. and Ludwig, Ar. and Wieck, A.D. and Oiwa, A.

Volume: 60 Pages:
DOI: 10.35848/1347-4065/abd533
Published: 2021

Quantum repeater composed of a quantum memory and an interface between photon qubits and memory qubits is indispensable for long-distance quantum communication. Gate-defined lateral quantum dots (QDs) can be a suitable platform for such quantum repeaters because of its aptitude for spin qubit and feasibility of quantum state transfer from photon polarization to electron spin. So far, the reported photoelectron excitation probabilities in such a QD are not high enough to implement practical repeater protocols. To improve the photoexcitation probability, we combine a surface plasmon antenna (SPA) with QDs. We fabricated a SPA designed to enhance the optical transmission to the QDs in a practical illumination setup in a refrigerator and characterized the fabricated antenna by measuring photocurrents at room temperature. © 2021 The Japan Society of Applied Physics

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