Canted antiferromagnetic phases in the candidate layered Weyl material EuMnSb2

Wilde, J.M. and Riberolles, S.X.M. and Das, A. and Liu, Y. and Heitmann, T.W. and Wang, X. and Straszheim, W.E. and Bud'Ko, S.L. and Canfield, P.C. and Kreyssig, A. and McQueeney, R.J. and Ryan, D.H. and Ueland, B.G.

Volume: 106 Pages:
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.106.024420
Published: 2022

EuMnSb2 is a candidate topological material which can be tuned towards a Weyl semimetal, but there are differing reports for its antiferromagnetic (AFM) phases. The coupling of bands dominated by pure Sb layers hosting topological fermions to Mn and Eu magnetic states provides a potential path to tune the topological properties. Here we present single-crystal neutron diffraction, magnetization, and heat-capacity data as well as polycrystalline Eu151 Mössbauer data which show that three AFM phases exist as a function of temperature, and we present a detailed analysis of the magnetic structure in each phase. The Mn magnetic sublattice orders into a C-type AFM structure below TNMn=323(1)K with the ordered Mn magnetic moment μMn lying perpendicular to the layers. AFM ordering of the Eu sublattice occurs below TNEu1=23(1)K with the ordered Eu magnetic moment μEu canted away from the layer normal and μMn retaining its higher temperature order. μEu is ferromagnetically aligned within each Eu layer but exhibits a complicated AFM layer stacking. Both of these higher-temperature phases are described by magnetic space group (MSG) Pn′m′a′ with the chemical and magnetic unit cells having the same dimensions. Cooling below TNEu2=9(1)K reveals a third AFM phase where μMn remains unchanged but μEu develops an additional substantial in-plane canting. This phase has MSG P1121a′. We also find some evidence of short-range magnetic correlations associated with the Eu between 12K T 30K. Using the determined magnetic structures, we postulate the signs of nearest-neighbor intralayer and interlayer exchange constants and the magnetic anisotropy within a general Heisenberg model. We then discuss implications of the various AFM states in EuMnSb2 and their potential for tuning topological properties. © 2022 American Physical Society. All rights reserved.

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