Amphiphilic Zwitterionic Acrylate/Methacrylate Copolymers for Marine Fouling-Release Coatings

Koschitzki, F. and Wanka, R. and Sobota, L. and Gardner, H. and Hunsucker, K.Z. and Swain, G.W. and Rosenhahn, A.

Volume: 37 Pages: 5591-5600
DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c00428
Published: 2021

Methacrylate and acrylate monomers are popular building blocks for antifouling (AF) and fouling-release (FR) coatings to counteract marine biofouling. They are used in various combinations and often combined into amphiphilic materials. This study investigated the FR properties of amphiphilic ethylene glycol dicyclopentenyl ether acrylate (DCPEA) and the corresponding methacrylate (DCPEMA) blended with 5 wt % zwitterionic carboxybetaine acrylate (CBA) and the corresponding methacrylate (CBMA). A series of (co)polymers with different acrylate/methacrylate compositions were synthesized and tested against the attachment of the diatom Navicula perminuta and in short-term dynamic field exposure experiments. The more hydrophobic methacrylate DCPEMA homopolymer outperformed its acrylate counterpart DCPEA. Incorporated zwitterionic functionality of both CBMA and CBA imparted ultralow fouling capability in the amphiphilic polymers toward diatom attachment, whereas in the real ocean environment, only the employment of CBMA reduced marine biofouling. Moreover, it was observed that CBA-containing coatings showed different surface morphologies and roughnesses compared to the CBMA analogues. Particularly, a high impact was found when acrylic CBA was mixed with methacrylic DCPEMA. While the wettability of the coatings was comparable, investigated methacrylates in general exhibited superior fouling resistance compared to the acrylates. © 2021 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

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