Amphiphilic Alginate-Based Layer-by-Layer Coatings Exhibiting Resistance against Nonspecific Protein Adsorption and Marine Biofouling

Gnanasampanthan, T. and Karthäuser, J.F. and Spöllmann, S. and Wanka, R. and Becker, H.-W. and Rosenhahn, A.

Volume: 14 Pages: 16062-16073
DOI: 10.1021/acsami.2c01809
Published: 2022

Amphiphilic coatings are promising materials for fouling-release applications, especially when their building blocks are inexpensive, biodegradable, and readily accessible polysaccharides. Here, amphiphilic polysaccharides were fabricated by coupling hydrophobic pentafluoropropylamine (PFPA) to carboxylate groups of hydrophilic alginic acid, a natural biopolymer with high water-binding capacity. Layer-by-layer (LbL) coatings comprising unmodified or amphiphilic alginic acid (AA*) and polyethylenimine (PEI) were assembled to explore how different PFPA contents affect their physicochemical properties, resistance against nonspecific adsorption (NSA) of proteins, and antifouling activity against marine bacteria (Cobetia marina) and diatoms (Navicula perminuta). The amphiphilic multilayers, characterized through spectroscopic ellipsometry, water contact angle goniometry, elemental analysis, AFM, XPS, and SPR spectroscopy, showed similar or even higher swelling in water and exhibited higher resistance toward NSA of proteins and microfouling marine organisms than multilayers without fluoroalkyl groups. © 2022 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

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