A Tandem Solar Biofuel Cell: Harnessing Energy from Light and Biofuels

Riedel, M. and Höfs, S. and Ruff, A. and Schuhmann, W. and Lisdat, F.

Volume: 60 Pages: 2078-2083
DOI: 10.1002/anie.202012089
Published: 2021

We report on a photobioelectrochemical fuel cell consisting of a glucose-oxidase-modified BiFeO3 photobiocathode and a quantum-dot-sensitized inverse opal TiO2 photobioanode linked to FAD glucose dehydrogenase via a redox polymer. Both photobioelectrodes are driven by enzymatic glucose conversion. Whereas the photobioanode can collect electrons from sugar oxidation at rather low potential, the photobiocathode shows reduction currents at rather high potential. The electrodes can be arranged in a sandwich-like manner due to the semi-transparent nature of BiFeO3, which also guarantees a simultaneous excitation of the photobioanode when illuminated via the cathode side. This tandem cell can generate electricity under illumination and in the presence of glucose and provides an exceptionally high OCV of about 1 V. The developed semi-artificial system has significant implications for the integration of biocatalysts in photoactive entities for bioenergetic purposes, and it opens up a new path toward generation of electricity from sunlight and (bio)fuels. © 2020 The Authors. Angewandte Chemie International Edition published by Wiley-VCH GmbH

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