A review of the metastable omega phase in beta titanium alloys: the phase transformation mechanisms and its effect on mechanical properties

Ballor, J. and Li, T. and Prima, F. and Boehlert, C.J. and Devaraj, A.

Volume: Pages:
DOI: 10.1080/09506608.2022.2036401
Published: 2022

Since its discovery in 1954, the omega (ω) phase in titanium and its alloys has attracted substantial attention from researchers. The β-to-ω and ω-to-α phase transformations are central to β-titanium alloy design, but the transformation mechanisms have been a subject of debate. With new generations of aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography, both the spatial resolution and compositional sensitivity of phase transformation analysis have been rapidly improving. This review provides a detailed assessment of the new understanding gained and related debates in this field enabled by advanced characterization methods. Specifically, new insights into the possibility of a coupled diffusional-displacive component in the β-to-ω transformation and key nucleation driving forces for the ω-assisted α phase formation are discussed. Additionally, the influence of ω phase on the mechanical properties of β-titanium alloys is also reviewed. Finally, a perspective on open questions and future direction for research is discussed. © This material is authored by Battelle Memorial Institute with the US Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC05-76RL01830. The US Government retains for itself, and others acting on its behalf, a paid-up, non-exclusive, and irrevocable worldwide license in said article to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly, by or on behalf of the Government.

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