Wquantitative shape-classification of misfitting precipitates during cubic to tetragonal transformations: Phase-field simulations and experiments

Lin, Y.-Y. and Schleifer, F. and Holzinger, M. and Ta, N. and Skrotzki, B. and Kamachali, R.D. and Glatzel, U. and Fleck, M.

Volume: 14 Pages:
DOI: 10.3390/ma14061373
Published: 2021

The effectiveness of the mechanism of precipitation strengthening in metallic alloys de-pends on the shapes of the precipitates. Two different material systems are considered: tetragonal γ′′ precipitates in Ni-based alloys and tetragonal θ′ precipitates in Al-Cu-alloys. The shape formation and evolution of the tetragonally misfitting precipitates was investigated by means of experiments and phase-field simulations. We employed the method of invariant moments for the consistent shape quantification of precipitates obtained from the simulation as well as those obtained from the experiment. Two well-defined shape-quantities are proposed: (i) a generalized measure for the particles aspect ratio and (ii) the normalized λ2, as a measure for shape deviations from an ideal ellipse of the given aspect ratio. Considering the size dependence of the aspect ratio of γ′′ precipitates, we find good agreement between the simulation results and the experiment. Further, the precipitates’ in-plane shape is defined as the central 2D cut through the 3D particle in a plane normal to the tetragonal c-axes of the precipitate. The experimentally observed in-plane shapes of γ′′-precipitates can be quantitatively reproduced by the phase-field model. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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