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Experimental and numerical investigations on high performance sfrc: Cyclic tensile loading and fatigue

Schäfer, N. and Gudžulić, V. and Breitenbücher, R. and Meschke, G.

MATERIALS
Volume: 14 Pages:
DOI: 10.3390/ma14247593
Published: 2021

Abstract
In the present study, the capability of high-strength short steel fibers to control the degrada-tion in high-performance concrete was experimentally examined and numerically simulated. To this end, notched prismatic high-performance concrete specimens with (HPSFRC) and without (HPC) short steel fibers were subjected to static and cyclic tensile tests up to 100,000 cycles. The cyclic tests showed that the rate of strain increase was lower for HPSFRC specimens and that the strain stagnated after around 10,000 cycles, which was not the case with HPC specimens. The microscopic examinations showed that in HPSFRC, a larger number of microcracks developed, but they had a smaller total surface area than the microcracks in the HPC. To further investigate the influence of fibers on the behavior of HPSFRC in the cracked state, displacement-controlled crack opening tests, as well as numerical simulations thereof, were carried out. Experiments have shown, and the numerical simulations have confirmed, that the inclusion of short steel fibers did not significantly affect the ultimate strength; however, it notably increased the post-cracking ductility of the material. Finally, the unloading/reloading behavior was examined, and it was observed that the unloading stiffness was stable even for significant crack openings; however, the hysteresis loops due to unloading/reloading were very small. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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