A 3D particle finite element model for the simulation of soft soil excavation using hypoplasticity

Bal, A.R.L. and Dang, T.S. and Meschke, G.

Volume: 7 Pages: 151-172
DOI: 10.1007/s40571-019-00271-y
Published: 2020

A numerical model based on the particle finite element method (PFEM) combined with a hypoplastic constitutive model is proposed for the analysis of soft soil excavations by means of single and multiple excavation tools. The PFEM allows to efficiently account for large deformations of the excavated soil material and free surfaces characterizing the simulation of tool–soil interaction during excavation. The utilization of a hypoplastic model, formulated in rate form, allows for a straightforward coupling with the standard velocity-based PFEM. Furthermore, effects such as pressure and density dependency of the soil stiffness are consistently incorporated into the formulation. The solution of the governing equations is performed implicitly, while an adaptive sub-stepping scheme is employed for the explicit time integration of the constitutive equation. Thus, the accuracy of the solution is improved at both global and local (constitutive) levels. The performance of the method is evaluated by means of the numerical re-analysis of selected geotechnical benchmark examples and soft soil excavations in 2D and 3D setups. © 2019, OWZ.

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