XRD measurement of stacking fault energy of Cr–Ni austenitic steels: influence of temperature and alloying elements

Walter, M. and Mujica Roncery, L. and Weber, S. and Leich, L. and Theisen, W.

Volume: 55 Pages: 13424-13437
DOI: 10.1007/s10853-020-04953-4
Published: 2020

In the present study, X-ray diffraction was applied to measure stacking fault energy of Cr–Ni austenitic steels containing different amounts of alloying elements. The results in austenitic steels show that the Ni content and Cr/Ni ratio have a strong effect on SFE. Cu, Si and N increase SFE, being the effect of nitrogen more pronounced; Mo has the opposite effect. In situ XRD experiments up to 300 °C were employed to determine experimentally the SFE and its temperature dependence in Ni and AISI 304. The microstructural parameters required to determine SFE, obtained by Rietveld refinement, made possible to determine experimentally an increase in the SFE with the temperature, related to a decrease in the accumulated deformation, a lower tendency to form stacking faults and a thermal expansion as the temperature increases. The accuracy was determined based on SFE measurements of Au, Cu and Ni pure metals, where the error of the applied method was carefully evaluated. © 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

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