Water-Soluble Polymers with Appending Porphyrins as Bioinspired Catalysts for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

Xie, L. and Tian, J. and Ouyang, Y. and Guo, X. and Zhang, W. and Apfel, U.-P. and Zhang, W. and Cao, R.

Volume: 59 Pages: 15844-15848
DOI: 10.1002/anie.202003836
Published: 2020

Molecular design to improve catalyst performance is significant but challenging. In enzymes, residue groups that are close to reaction centers play critical roles in regulating activities. Using this bioinspired strategy, three water-soluble polymers were designed with appending Co porphyrins and different side-chain groups to mimic enzyme reaction centers and activity-controlling residue groups, respectively. With these polymers, high hydrogen evolution efficiency was achieved in neutral aqueous media for electro- (turnover frequency >2.3×104 s−1) and photocatalysis (turnover number >2.7×104). Porphyrin units are surrounded and protected by polymer chains, and more importantly, the activity can be tuned with different side-chain groups. Therefore, instead of revising molecular structures that is difficult from both design and synthesis points of view, polymers can be used to improve molecular solubility and stability and simultaneously regulate activity by using side-chain groups. © 2020 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

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