Unraveling indentation-induced slip steps in austenitic stainless steel

Xia, W. and Dehm, G. and Brinckmann, S.

Volume: 183 Pages:
DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2019.108169
Published: 2019

Nanoindentation has been used intensively during the last decades to characterize experimentally the elastic and plastic material properties of phases at the microscale. Accompanying simulations have investigated the plastic mechanisms during nanoindentation. While experiments and simulations have led to a thorough understanding of most mechanisms during nanoindentation, the plasticity on positively and negatively inclined slip planes is still not completely clear. In this work, {1 0 0}-, {1 0 1}- and {1 1 1}-grains of an austenitic stainless steel are indented to better understand the dislocation mediated plasticity through slip step analysis. We observe that slip occurs on positively and negatively inclined slip planes during nanoindentation and we propose methods to differentiate between both types of planes. We find that slip steps on positively inclined slip planes form preferentially during the early stage as compared to the formation of slip steps on negative inclination, which occurs during the later deformation stage due to the change in surface topography. By calculating the resolved shear stress in the presence and absence of pile-ups, we reveal the origin of slip on positively and negatively inclined planes as well as the reason for the sequence of occurrences. We conclude that accounting for the surface topography evolution in experiments and simulations is essential in predicting the plastic slip activation during nanoindentation. © 2019 The Authors

« back