Two-dimensional lateral surface superlattices in GaAs heterostructures with independent control of carrier density and modulation potential

Wang, D.Q. and Reuter, D. and Wieck, A.D. and Hamilton, A.R. and Klochan, O.

Volume: 117 Pages:
DOI: 10.1063/5.0009462
Published: 2020

We present a double-layer design for two-dimensional lateral surface superlattice systems in GaAs-AlGaAs heterostructures. Unlike previous studies, our device (1) uses an in situ gate, which allows a very short period superlattice in high mobility, shallow heterostructures and (2) enables independent control of the carrier density and the superlattice modulation potential amplitude over a wide range. We characterize this device design using low-temperature magneto-transport measurements and show that the fabrication process caused minimal damage to the system. We demonstrate the tuning of potential modulation from weak (much smaller than Fermi energy) to strong (larger than the Fermi energy) regimes. © 2020 Author(s).

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