Toward a Paradigm Shift in Electrocatalysis Using Complex Solid Solution Nanoparticles

Löffler, T. and Savan, A. and Garzón-Manjón, A. and Meischein, M. and Scheu, C. and Ludwig, Al. and Schuhmann, W.

Volume: 4 Pages: 1206-1214
DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.9b00531
Published: 2019

Complex solid solution (CSS) nanoparticles were recently discovered as efficient electrocatalysts for a variety of reactions. As one of many advantages, they exhibit the potential to replace noble-metal catalysts with multinary combinations of transition metals because they offer formation of new unique and tailorable active sites of multiple elements located next to each other. This Perspective reports on the current state and on challenges of the (combinatorial) synthesis of multinary nanoparticles and advanced electron microscopy characterization techniques for revealing structure-activity correlations on an atomic scale. We discuss what distinguishes this material class from common catalysts to highlight their potential to act as electrocatalysts and rationalize their nontypical electrochemical behavior. We provide an overview about challenges in synthesis, characterization, and electrochemical evaluation and propose guidelines for future design of CSS catalysts to achieve further progress in this research field, which is still in its infancy. © 2019 American Chemical Society.

« back