Thermal Spray Processes for the Repair of Gas Turbine Components

Fiebig, J. and Bakan, E. and Kalfhaus, T. and Mauer, G. and Guillon, O. and Vaßen, R.

Volume: 22 Pages:
DOI: 10.1002/adem.201901237
Published: 2020

Gas turbine components are often operated in harsh conditions, which can lead to severe damage. As it is highly desirable from both an economical and an ecological point of view to restore these worn areas instead of manufacturing new components, repair technologies are of huge interest for companies supplying maintenance and overhaul of gas turbines. In this article, two thermal techniques are described that can be used for this application: cold gas spraying (CGS) and vacuum plasma spraying (VPS). The CGS process allows the deposition of metallic coatings with excellent mechanical properties; several examples including γ-TiAl, Inconel (IN) 718, and IN 738 are given. Essential for the deposition of high-performance coatings in CGS is to exceed the so-called critical velocity. This is discussed also with experimental findings. As a final topic, experiments that use VPS for the repair of single-crystal alloys are described. © 2020 The Authors. Published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

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