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Structural and photoelectrochemical properties in the thin film system Cu-Fe-V-O and its ternary subsystems Fe-V-O and Cu-V-O

Kumari, S. and Junqueira, J.R.C. and Sarker, S. and Mehta, A. and Schuhmann, W. and Ludwig, Al.

JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS
Volume: 153 Pages:
DOI: 10.1063/5.0009512
Published: 2020

Abstract
Thin-film material libraries in the ternary and quaternary metal oxide systems Fe-V-O, Cu-V-O, and Cu-Fe-V-O were synthesized using combinatorial reactive co-sputtering with subsequent annealing in air. Their compositional, structural, and functional properties were assessed using high-throughput characterization methods. Prior to the investigation of the quaternary system Cu-Fe-V-O, the compositions (Fe61V39)Ox and (Cu52V48)Ox with promising photoactivity were identified from their ternary subsystems Fe-V-O and Cu-V-O, respectively. Two Cu-Fe-V-O material libraries with (Cu29-72Fe4-27V22-57)Ox and (Cu11-55Fe27-73V12-34)Ox composition spread were investigated. Seven mixed ternary and quaternary phase regions were identified: I (α-Cu3FeV6O26/FeVO4), II (Cu5V2O10/FeVO4/α-Cu3Fe4V6O26), III (Cu5V2O10), IV (Cu5V2O10/FeVO4, V (FeVO4/γ-Cu2V2O7/α-Cu3Fe4V6O26), VI (β-Cu2V2O7/α-Cu3Fe4V6O26/FeVO4), and VII (β-Cu3Fe4V6O26/FeVO4). In the investigated composition range, two photoactive regions, (Cu53Fe7V40)Ox and (Cu45Fe21V34)Ox, were identified, exhibiting 103 μA/cm2 and 108 μA/cm2 photocurrent density for the oxygen evolution reaction at 1.63 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode, respectively. The highest photoactive region (Cu45Fe21V34)Ox comprises the dominant α-Cu3Fe4V6O24 phase and minor FeVO4 phase. This photoactive region corresponds to having an indirect bandgap of 1.87 eV and a direct bandgap of 2.58 eV with an incident photon-to-current efficiency of 30% at a wavelength of 310 nm. © 2020 Author(s).

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