Simultaneous analysis of light gases and heavy pyrolyzates evolved from lignite and hard coal by pyrolysis–GC/MS–GC/TCD

Eckhard, T. and Wütscher, A. and Muhler, M.

Volume: 149 Pages:
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaap.2020.104833
Published: 2020

The pyrolysis of solid fossil fuels and biomass is of great relevance, because it influences the combustion kinetics of these fuels, and the pyrolysis products are potential raw materials for further chemical processing. The aim of this work was to develop a pyrolysis system able to separate the whole variety of pyrolysis products during one pyrolysis experiment without the need to replace GC columns for improved resolution. A conventional pyrolysis system equipped with a coupled gas chromatography (GC)/mass spectrometry (MS) detector was extended by a second GC with a fused-silica capillary column and a thermal conductivity detector (TCD). The coupled pyrolysis–GC/MS–GC/TCD system was used to investigate the evolved pyrolysis products of two lignites and a hard coal enabling the qualitative detection of pyrolyzates (GC/MS) while simultaneously quantifying the light gases (TCD). Benzofuran, catechol, and a preference for even-numbered hydrocarbon pyrolyzates in addition to a higher pristene/heptadecane ratio were found to be characteristic for the two studied German lignites in comparison to the Columbian hard coal as well as a higher release of especially oxygen-containing light gases. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.

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