Review on Quantum Mechanically Guided Design of Ultra-Strong Metallic Glasses

Evertz, S. and Schnabel, V. and Köhler, M. and Kirchlechner, I. and Kontis, P. and Chen, Y.-T. and Soler, R. and Jaya, B.N. and Kirchlechner, C. and Music, D. and Gault, B. and Schneider, J.M. and Raabe, D. and Dehm, G.

Volume: 7 Pages:
DOI: 10.3389/fmats.2020.00089
Published: 2020

Quantum mechanically guided materials design has been used to predict the mechanical property trends in crystalline materials. Thereby, the identification of composition-structure-property relationships is enabled. However, quantum mechanics based design guidelines and material selection criteria for ultra-strong metallic glasses have been lacking. Hence, based on an ab initio model for metallic glasses in conjunction with an experimental high-throughput methodology geared toward revealing the relationship between chemistry, topology and mechanical properties, we propose principles for the design of tough as well as stiff metallic glasses. The main design notion is that a low fraction of hybridized bonds compared to the overall bonding in a metallic glass can be used as a criterion for the identification of damage-tolerant metallic glass systems. To enhance the stiffness of metallic glasses, the bond energy density must be increased as the bond energy density is the origin of stiffness in metallic glasses. The thermal expansion, which is an important glass-forming identifier, can be predicted based on the Debye-Grüneisen model. © Copyright © 2020 Evertz, Schnabel, Köhler, Kirchlechner, Kontis, Chen, Soler, Jaya, Kirchlechner, Music, Gault, Schneider, Raabe and Dehm.

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