Revealing the two-step nucleation and growth mechanism of vanadium carbonitrides in microalloyed steels

Wang, H. and Li, Y. and Detemple, E. and Eggeler, G.

Volume: 187 Pages: 350-354
DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2020.06.041
Published: 2020

Combining high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) and 3-dimensional atom probe tomography (3D-APT), the early stages of nucleation and growth of vanadium carbonitrides (VCN) were revealed. VCN nucleation starts with locally distorted body-centered cubic (bcc) lattices due to a substitution of Fe atoms by V atoms, which results in the formation of an intermediate coherent crystal structure within the ferrite matrix. Misfit strain self-accommodation leads to twining within the VCN particles. As the particles grow, the precipitates gradually lose coherency and grow into discs or plates. Simultaneously, the intermediate crystal structure of the nucleus transforms into the equilibrium VCN-structure. © 2020

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