Quasiparticle interference and symmetry of superconducting order parameter in strongly electron-doped iron-based superconductors

Böker, J. and Volkov, P.A. and Hirschfeld, P.J. and Eremin, I.

Volume: 21 Pages:
DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/ab2a82
Published: 2019

Motivated by recent experimental reports of significant spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and a sign-changing order-parameter in the Li1-xFex(OHFe)1-yZnySe superconductor with only electron pockets present, we study the possible Cooper-pairing symmetries and their quasiparticle interference (QPI) signatures. We find that each of the resulting states-s-wave, d-wave and helical p-wave-can have a fully gapped density of states consistent with angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy experiments and, due to SOC, are a mixture of spin singlet and triplet components leading to intra- A nd inter-band features in the QPI signal. Analyzing predicted QPI patterns we find that only the spin-triplet dominated even parity A 1g (s-wave) and B 2g (d-wave) pairing states are consistent with the experimental data. Additionally, we show that these states can indeed be realized in a microscopic model with atomic-like interactions and study their possible signatures in spin-resolved STM experiments. © 2019 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd on behalf of the Institute of Physics and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.

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