Phase-dependent spin polarization of Cooper pairs in magnetic Josephson junctions

Dahir, S.M. and Volkov, A.F. and Eremin, I.M.

Volume: 100 Pages:
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.100.134513
Published: 2019

Superconductor-ferromagnet hybrid structures (SF) have attracted much interest in the past decades, due to a variety of interesting phenomena predicted and observed in these structures. One of them is the so-called inverse proximity effect. It is described by a spin polarization of Cooper pairs, which occurs not only in the ferromagnet (F), but also in the superconductor (S), yielding a finite magnetic moment MS inside the superconductor. This effect has been predicted and experimentally studied. However, interpretation of the experimental data is mostly ambiguous. Here, we study theoretically the impact of the spin polarized Cooper pairs on the Josephson effect in an SFS junction. We show that the induced magnetic moment MS does depend on the phase difference φ and, therefore, will oscillate in time with the Josephson frequency 2eV/â., if the current exceeds a critical value. Most importantly, the spin polarization in the superconductor causes a significant change in the Fraunhofer pattern, which can be easily accessed experimentally. © 2019 American Physical Society.

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