On the role of nitrogen on hydrogen environment embrittlement of high-interstitial austenitic CrMnC(N) steels

Egels, G. and Fussik, R. and Weber, S. and Theisen, W.

Volume: 44 Pages: 32323-32331
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.10.109
Published: 2019

This work investigates the susceptibility of high-interstitial CrMn austenitic stainless steel CN0.96 to hydrogen environment embrittlement. In this context, an N-free model alloy of CN0.96 steel was designed, produced, and characterized. Both steels were subjected to tensile tests in air and in a high-pressure hydrogen gas atmosphere. Both steels undergo severe hydrogen embrittlement. The CN0.96 steel shows trans- and intergranular failure in hydrogen, whereas the N-free model alloy shows exclusively intergranular failure. The different failure modes could be related to different deformation modes that are induced by the presence or absence of N, respectively. In the CN0.96 steel, N promotes planar dislocation slip. Due to the absence of N in the model alloy, localized slip is less pronounced and mechanical twinning is a more preferred deformation mechanism. The embrittlement of the model alloy could therefore be related to mechanisms that are known from hydrogen embrittlement of twinning-induced plasticity steels. © 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC

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