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Microstructure, texture, and strength development during high-pressure torsion of crmnfeconi high-entropy alloy

Skrotzki, W. and Pukenas, A. and Odor, E. and Joni, B. and Ungar, T. and Völker, B. and Hohenwarter, A. and Pippan, R. and George, E.P.

CRYSTALS
Volume: 10 Pages:
DOI: 10.3390/cryst10040336
Published: 2020

Abstract
The equiatomic face-centered cubic high-entropy alloy CrMnFeCoNi was severely deformed at room and liquid nitrogen temperature by high-pressure torsion up to shear strains of about 170. Itsmicrostructurewas analyzed by X-ray line profile analysis and transmission electronmicroscopy and its texture by X-ray microdiffraction. Microhardness measurements, after severe plastic deformation, were done at room temperature. It is shown that at a shear strain of about 20, a steady state grain size of 24 nm, and a dislocation density of the order of 1016 m-2 is reached. The dislocations are mainly screw-type with low dipole character. Mechanical twinning at room temperature is replaced by a martensitic phase transformation at 77 K. The texture developed at room temperature is typical for sheared face-centered cubic nanocrystalline metals, but it is extremely weak and becomes almost random after high-pressure torsion at 77 K. The strength of the nanocrystalline material produced by high-pressure torsion at 77 K is lower than that produced at room temperature. The results are discussed in terms of different mechanisms of deformation, including dislocation generation and propagation, twinning, grain boundary sliding, and phase transformation. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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