Microstructure and phase evolution of atmospheric plasma sprayed Mn-Co-Fe oxide protection layers for solid oxide fuel cells

Grünwald, N. and Sohn, Y.J. and Yin, X. and Menzler, N.H. and Guillon, O. and Vaßen, R.

Volume: 39 Pages: 449-460
DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2018.08.027
Published: 2019

Dense protective layers are needed to reduce chromium-related degradation in SOFC stacks. In particular, atmospheric plasma sprayed (APS) Mn1.0Co1.9Fe0.1O4 (MCF) coatings demonstrated low degradation rates in stack tests. We show that short-term annealing in air induces crack healing within these coatings. Parallel to this effect, a phase transformation is observed originating from oxidation that proceeds by solid state-diffusion. The present contribution reveals the basic mechanisms of the microstructural and phase changes of coatings in long-term annealing tests of up to 10,000 h at 700 °C. The layer develops differently at the air-facing surface and in the bulk. Due to cation deficiency, oxidation is dominated by cation outward diffusion, leading to a Co-enriched surface layer. The bulk displays a fine distribution of the initial (rock salt) and the final (spinel) phases. Understanding the mechanisms leading to these irreversible changes enables predictions to be made concerning durable protectivecoatings in SOFCs. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

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