Publications

Investigations on polarization dynamics of birefringent spin-VCSELs

Jung, N. and Lindemann, M. and Pusch, T. and Hashib, M.F. and Hoti, P. and Debernardi, P. and Michalzik, R. and Hofmann, M.R. and Gerhardt, N.C.

PROCEEDINGS OF SPIE - THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR OPTICAL ENGINEERING
Volume: 11704 Pages:
DOI: 10.1117/12.2577488
Published: 2021

Abstract
Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) are widely used in optical data communication mainly in data centers for short-haul transmissions. However, their intensity modulation resonance frequency does not exceed 40 GHz which also limits the achievable modulation bandwidth and data rate. In contrast, spin-VCSELs can overcome these bandwidth limitations by modulating spin and polarization instead of current and intensity. In spin-VCSELs, the birefringence determines the resonance frequency of the polarization dynamics as well as the modulation bandwidth. We control the birefringence and thus the polarization dynamics via the elasto-optic effect by mechanically or thermally induced strain providing polarization oscillation frequencies up to more than 200 GHz. Detailed analysis shows that spin-VCSELs offer polarization dynamics with good signal strength even when operating close to threshold and at high temperatures. Here, we analyze devices with integrated surface gratings. VCSELs with different grating periods as well as mesa diameters and resulting different oxide apertures were investigated. © 2021 SPIE. © 2021 SPIE. All rights reserved.

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