Publications

Integrated surface gratings in VCSELs for high birefringence splitting

Pusch, T. and Debernardi, P. and Lindemann, M. and Jung, N. and Gerhardt, N.C. and Hofmann, M.R. and Michalzik, R.

PROCEEDINGS OF SPIE - THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR OPTICAL ENGINEERING
Volume: 11356 Pages:
DOI: 10.1117/12.2554703
Published: 2020

Abstract
In single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) the frequency difference between the two orthogonal modes, which is defined by the birefringence present in the cavity, is the key factor to enable ultrafast polarization dynamics in spin-lasers. This could be a promising alternative to overcome the bandwidth limitations in short-haul data transmission. Therefore, controlling the birefringence is indispensable to utilize the full potential of the polarization dynamics. Splittings of around 100GHz were realized with an on-chip approach by integration of a surface grating in an oxide-confined AlGaAs-based VCSEL. In this paper we present further details of the parameter search process using a three-dimensional vectorial optical VCSEL electro-magnetics (VELM) model. We also show the geometrical properties of the processed grating structure. © 2020 SPIE.

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