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Influence of Ti3Ni4 precipitates on the indentation-induced two-way shape-memory effect in Nickel-Titanium

Laursen, C.M. and Peter, N.J. and Gerstein, G. and Maier, H.J. and Dehm, G. and Frick, C.P.

MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A
Volume: 792 Pages:
DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2020.139373
Published: 2020

Abstract
Nickel Titanium (NiTi) alloys have been used for many years based on their unique ability to exhibit the shape-memory and pseudoelastic effects. The indentation-induced two-way shape memory effect (TWSME) is a specific sub-capability of this alloy such that a repeatably switchable surface can be created by “training” the material through mechanical indentation and activated through temperature transitions between the austenitic and martensitic phases. This study sought to observe the effect Ti3Ni4 precipitate aging would have on the indentation-induced TWSME. Ti3Ni4 has previously been shown as an effective method to alter NiTi transformation temperatures, yet it was unclear what effect localized stress fields around precipitates would have on the TWSME. The results presented here indicate that growth of precipitates in the alloy before training suppresses the resultant indentation-induced TWSME, and small precipitates, which cause minimal lattice mismatch to the matrix (i.e. highest coherency), have the strongest role in suppressing the effect. It is suggest that lattice coherency acts to inhibit plastic deformation, suppressing the creation of the preferred microstructure under the indent required to guide the TWSME. Therefore, precipitate aging is not a recommended alternative to precise alloying in order to alter transformation temperatures with the goal of maximizing the indentation-induced TWSME effect within a targeted temperate transformation regime. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.

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