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Influence of preparation method and doping of zirconium oxide onto the material characteristics and catalytic activity for the HDO reaction in nickel on zirconium oxide catalysts

Pichler, C.M. and Gu, D. and Joshi, H. and Schüth, F.

JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS
Volume: 365 Pages: 367-375
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcat.2018.07.021
Published: 2018

Abstract
Different Ni/ZrO2 catalysts were prepared and tested for the hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) reaction of guaiacol. It was shown that the preparation mode of the ZrO2 support has a significant influence on the catalytic results, as remaining elements like Si and Na from the preparation can change the material properties. The influence of Si and Na onto these material properties, which were especially surface acidity and oxygen vacancy concentration, could be clarified. It could be also rationalized, how the change of these properties affects the results of the HDO reaction. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that the oxygen vacancy concentration is an important factor for the catalytic performance, although this property has hardly been considered in the design of HDO catalysts so far. La doping was found to be an efficient strategy to tune the oxygen vacancy concentration, and by using this approach the catalytic performance of the catalyst could be improved remarkably. © 2018

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