Publications

Inactivation of B. subtilis spores by low pressure plasma - Influence of optical filters and photon/particle fluxes on the inactivation efficiency

Fiebrandt, M. and Hillebrand, B. and Lackmann, J.-W. and Raguse, M. and Moeller, R. and Awakowicz, P. and Stapelmann, K.

JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D: APPLIED PHYSICS
Volume: 51 Pages:
DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/aa9f0a
Published: 2018

Abstract
Inactivation experiments were performed with Bacillus subtilis spores in a low pressure double inductively coupled plasma (DICP) system. Argon, nitrogen and oxygen at 5 Pa were used as feed gas to change the emission spectrum in the range of 100 nm to 400 nm, as well as between radical and metastable densities. Optical filters were applied, to block particles and selected wavelengths from the spores. By determining absolute photon fluxes, the sporicidal efficiency of various wavelength ranges was evaluated. The results showed good agreement with other plasma experiments, as well as with monochromatic light inactivation experiments from a synchrotron. The findings indicated that the inactivation rate constants of broadband plasma emission and monochromatic light were identical, and that no synergistic effect exists. Furthermore, the influence of radicals, ions and metastables on the inactivation efficiency was of minor importance in the set-up used, and radiation was the main reason for spore inactivation. © 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd.

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