High-temperature oxidation and compressive strength of Cr2AlC MAX phase foams with controlled porosity

Gonzalez-Julian, J. and Onrubia, S. and Bram, M. and Broeckmann, C. and Vassen, R. and Guillon, O.

Volume: 101 Pages: 542-552
DOI: 10.1111/jace.15224
Published: 2018

Cr2AlC foams have been processed for the first time containing low (35 vol%), intermediate (53 vol%), and high (75 vol%) content of porosity and three ranges of pore size, 90-180 μm, 180-250 μm, and 250-400 μm. Sacrificial template technique was used as the processing method, utilizing NH4HCO3 as a temporary pore former. Cr2AlC foams exhibited negligible oxidation up to 800°C and excellent response up to 1300°C due to the in-situ formation of an outer thin continuous protective layer of α-Al2O3. The in-situ α-Al2O3 protective layer covered seamlessly all the external surface of the pores, even when they present sharp angles and tight corners, reducing significantly the further oxidation of the foams. The compressive strength of the foams was 73 and 13 MPa for 53 vol% and 75 vol% porosity, respectively, which increased up to 128 and 24 MPa after their oxidation at 1200°C for 1 hour. The increase in the compressive strength after the oxidation was caused by the switch from inter- to transgranular fracture mode. According to the excellent high-temperature response, heat exchangers and catalyst supports are the potential application of these foams. © 2017 The American Ceramic Society

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