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Effect of Al, Ti and C additions on Widmanstätten microstructures and mechanical properties of cast Al0.6CoCrFeNi compositionally complex alloys

Asabre, A. and Kostka, A. and Stryzhyboroda, O. and Pfetzing-Micklich, J. and Hecht, U. and Laplanche, G.

MATERIALS AND DESIGN
Volume: 184 Pages:
DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2019.108201
Published: 2019

Abstract
The cast microstructure of the Al0.6CoCrFeNi compositionally complex alloy was successfully refined with small additions of Al, Ti and C and its mechanical properties were optimized. In the as-cast state, this alloy has a Widmanstätten microstructure with coarse grains (∼110 μm) of a strong BCC/B2 matrix and soft FCC plates (∼65 vol.%) with large widths (∼1.3 μm). The addition of 0.25 at.% C to Al0.6CoCrFeNi stabilizes the FCC phase and favors the formation of a coarse dendritic microstructure making this alloy unsuitable for structural applications. In contrast, alloying of either 3 at.% Al, Ti, or 3% Ti and 0.25% C to Al0.6CoCrFeNi refined its Widmanstätten microstructure, i.e. the thickness of the FCC plates and/or the size of the prior BCC/B2 grains were significantly reduced. As a result of these microstructural changes, Al and Ti containing alloys show an outstanding strength (twice higher than that of Al0.6CoCrFeNi) and ductilities ≤5% at 20 °C. These properties are retained at 400 °C but at 700 °C, the strength and ductility of almost all alloys decrease. However, Ti containing alloys exhibit much larger ductilities (∼50%) at 700 °C due to their high density of grain boundaries which accommodate plastic deformation through grain boundary sliding. © 2019 The Authors

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