Difference in charge and spin dynamics in a quantum dot-lead coupled system

Otsuka, T. and Nakajima, T. and Delbecq, M.R. and Stano, P. and Amaha, S. and Yoneda, J. and Takeda, K. and Allison, G. and Li, S. and Noiri, A. and Ito, T. and Loss, D. and Ludwig, Ar. and Wieck, A.D. and Tarucha, S.

Volume: 99 Pages:
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.085402
Published: 2019

We analyze time evolution of charge and spin states in a quantum dot coupled to an electric reservoir. Utilizing high-speed single-electron detection, we focus on dynamics induced by the first-order tunneling. We find that there is a difference between the spin and the charge relaxation: The former appears slower than the latter. The difference depends on the Fermi occupation factor and the spin relaxation becomes slower when the energy level of the quantum dot is lowered. We explain this behavior by a theory including the first-order tunneling processes and find a good agreement between the experiment and the theory. © 2019 American Physical Society.

« back