Detecting relevant changes in the mean of nonstationary processes - A mass excess approach1

Dette, H. and Wu, W.

Volume: 47 Pages: 3578-3608
DOI: 10.1214/19-AOS1811
Published: 2019

This paper considers the problem of testing if a sequence of means (μt )t=1,.,n of a nonstationary time series (Xt )t=1,.,n is stable in the sense that the difference of the means μ1 and μt between the initial time t = 1 and any other time is smaller than a given threshold, that is |μ1 - μt| ≤ c for all t = 1, . , n. A test for hypotheses of this type is developed using a bias corrected monotone rearranged local linear estimator and asymptotic normality of the corresponding test statistic is established. As the asymptotic variance depends on the location of the roots of the equation |μ1 - μt| = c a new bootstrap procedure is proposed to obtain critical values and its consistency is established. As a consequence we are able to quantitatively describe relevant deviations of a nonstationary sequence from its initial value. The results are illustrated by means of a simulation study and by analyzing data examples. © Institute of Mathematical Statistics, 2019.

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